Our Motivation

Why are we involved in water activation?

Denk Keramik was established in 1964 by my father, Franz Denk. Alongside crockery and decorative objects, the firm also made large ceramic pieces and sculptures. The ceramic raw materials were mixed and delivered preground by a mill, according to our specific instructions. In our workshops, the dry clay mixture was kneaded together with water to make clay and was ready for working after a four-week maturation period. We still work according to this basic principle today.

Ceramics manufacture reached its technical and artistic peak around 2,500 years ago in China, with the discovery of porcelain. These heights have never been reached again since. Large numbers of giant vases and sculptures were made with great mastery. Even today, experts wonder how this was possible without mechanical help and which tricks and techniques the Chinese artists used.

What has been passed on from this time, however, is that ceramicists were mindful of three things:

  1. The best clay
  2. The best source water for mixing
  3. A decades-long maturation period for the clay

Those were the conditions and that was the secret to being able to make extremely difficult ceramic works of art.

Fabian Denk

Executive partner, Denk Aqua GmbH

In the 1980s my father, a hobby breeder of ornamental fish, used to regularly get water for his aquarium from the nearby Fischbach spring. This small headstream is fed by a hilly landscape of hybrid rock. The water is particularly good for the discus, a beautiful but very sensitive ornamental fish.

During this time, an order came in for ceramic fountain bowls that were a challenge in terms of both size and shape. For the first time, we decided to use the Fischbach spring water instead of our normal mains water for mixing the clay, as a test.

The results were positive. Clay made with spring water was far easier to work. Its resistance to breakage when unfired was considerably higher and it was much less likely to crack when drying. There was no scientific basis for these findings, but for us as craftsmen it was a tangible reality.

Franz Denk

How do you turn mains water back into spring water?

Although the water analysis values of the Fischbach spring did not differ greatly from our mains water, our reject rate decreased measurably. As it could not be down to the ingredients in the water, there had to be other reasons. These experiences and the considerations that resulted from them were the starting point for our involvement in “water activation”.

The name of the Austrian Viktor Schauberger keeps on cropping up in literature about water activation. At the beginning of the 20th century, he had already developed concepts, according to which water could be activated using certain
movements and turbulence. Although there is no scientific evidence for these findings, we thought they seemed comprehensible and logical. We initially based our considerations on these concepts. The device that we wanted to develop should be integrated into the water supply and work by water pressure alone. After two years of experiments and tests we developed a shaped ceramic stone – now called a “Source Stone” – that guides the flow of water to create turbulence. (=> 1st source in the 3Quellen principle.)

Source Stones made of CeraAktiv® ceramic

Active spring water comes from certain high-quality layers of rock. We know about the interaction between water and minerals from homeopathy. There is no scientific proof for either. However, the change in the charging behaviour of water upon contact with certain mineral surfaces is a scientific fact. On the basis of these considerations, we developed a special ceramic made exclusively from special minerals – it is called CeraAktiv® and it is protected as a trade mark. (=> 2nd source in the 3Quellen principle.)

Effective microorganisms (EM) are special, completely harmless lactic acid and yeast cultures. We add them as a natural plasticiser during the manufacturing process for CeraAktiv® ceramic. The EM disappear after firing, but the surface structures remain. This is the third pillar of our development. (=> 3rd source in the 3Quellen principle.)

Because our device is based on the three sources (“Quellen”) described (turbulence, minerals and EM), we called our invention 3Quellen®. 3Quellen® is protected as a trade mark.

200x magnification of the ceramic surface with ceramic bound crystal conglomerate.

Developed for our workshops in 1998

We put our first 3Quellen device into use in 1998. It was built into the water pipe and still supplies our own materials preparation today. The results surpassed the water from the Fischbach source. 3Quellen water makes many of our extremely intricate and complex ceramic pieces easier to produce. Indeed, some of them are only possible with this water.

A few years later, we installed 3Quellen devices into our own homes. It turned out that our 3Quellen system also had many interesting effects in the home and on everyday life.

We were delighted and told friends and family about it. We noticed that people were interested in good water and water activation by the level of interest it generated. In 2008 we decided to bring our 3Quellen device to market and to offer it for private and commercial use. For that purpose, we established the company Denk Aqua and applied for a patent for the 3Quellen device.

The patent as a quality criterion

We thought it was necessary to apply for a patent, on the one hand to protect our invention and, on the other, to document that our water activation process is fundamentally different from others. With the patent, we very consciously wanted to show that our invention was based on something technical and that it wasn’t a “magic” device.

Technical devices are only patentable if they are new, inventive and capable of industrial application. Known processes, pure discoveries or unusable ideas are as unpatentable as devices whose promised effects contradict the laws of nature.

Our invention is protected by law under patent no. DE 10 2009 003 162.6.

Is water activation according to the 3Quellen principle scientifically measurable?

We looked for reliable scientific testing methods to give definite values for our devices. However, this involved basic research that hadn’t been done yet. We hope that scientific interest in this aspect of water will grow in this respect.

Some very interesting findings have been made by the Max-Planck Institute for Polymer Research in Mainz, Germany. One research group was able to demonstrate changes in water chemistry as a result of contact with solid siliceous surfaces. The results were published in June 2014 in the well-known “Science” journal and can point to how the 3Quellen technology works (see also “More Information”).

Structure of the 3Quellen device

See for yourself

Sensation and taste are always individual. We are so convinced by the 3Quellen system that we offer our customers a 6-month return policy after installation. This allows each customer to experience and discover activated water themselves without being blinded by their initial euphoria.

Who buys 3Quellen devices?

One of our first customers was a bakery. As well as the private house, the café run by the bakery was then also fitted with a device.

Our devices are used in catering, brewing, and in a well-known German mineral fountain, along with other water-intensive businesses. Our private customers have 3Quellen devices in apartments, houses and residential complexes, in Germany and abroad.